Indian Journal of Endocrine Surgery and Research

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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Gynecomastia: Evaluation and Management with Modified Intra-areolar Incision at Tertiary Care Center

Tanjum Kamboj, Ankur Bhatnagar, Anupama Singh, Sabaretnam Mayilvaganan

Keywords : Benign breast disease, Gynecomastia, Klinefelter syndrome, Lipomastia, Mammoplasty, Tamoxifen

Citation Information : Kamboj T, Bhatnagar A, Singh A, Mayilvaganan S. Gynecomastia: Evaluation and Management with Modified Intra-areolar Incision at Tertiary Care Center. 2024; 19 (1):2-5.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10088-11224

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Objectives: To study the hormonal profile of patients of gynecomastia, preoperative evaluation management, and outcome. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of all male patients presenting to the outpatient in plastic surgery clinic with gynecomastia. Complete endocrinology workup was done for each patient. Patient were treated by either liposuction alone or combined with gland excision with modified intra-areolar incision. Patients were followed up at 2-week, 1-month, and 6-month interval for complications, recurrence, and esthetic outcome. Results: Overall complication and recurrence rate was low with early and long-term use of postoperative pressure garment. Modified intra-areolar incision showed better esthetic outcomes in patients who underwent gland excision. Conclusion: Gynecomastia patient shows least recurrence and complications when treated with combination of liposuction and gland excision with superior esthetic results with intra-areolar incision.

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